Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in Marine Female Fishes of Lagos Lagoon

Akan Bassey Williams, Winifred Uduak Anake

Abstract


Three female fish species of Snapper (Lutjanus goreensis), Herring (Sardinella maderensis) and Oarfish (Regalecus glesne) were sampled from Lagos Lagoon during the dry and wet seasons of 2008 and 2009 and subjected to cold extraction and clean-up procedure. Their muscle tissues were analysed for chlorinated hydrocarbons because they can concentrate pesticide residues from sediments and water. The identification and quantitation of the chlorinated hydrocarbon residues were performed using a gas chromatograph with a 63Ni electron capture detector. The fishes had condition factor of more than 1 except Regalecus glesne. A higher concentration of the residues was observed during the dry season. The residue distribution pattern in muscle tissues of the fishes were: Regalecus glesne > Sardinella maderensis > Lutjanus goreensis. Regalecus glesne recorded the highest chlorinated hydrocarbon content: 6181.16 ng/g. Except for endrin and heptachlor, the estimated daily intakes of the organochlorines were within the acceptable daily intakes while the levels of residues in the fishes were within the permissible residue limits.
Keywords. Chlorinated hydrocarbons, Lutjanus goreensis, Sardinella maderensis, Regalecus glesne, Lagos Lagoon

Full Text:

PDF

References


Xue, N., Zhang, D. and Xu, X. (2006). Organochlorinated pesticide multiresidues in surface

sediments from Beijing, Guanting reservoir. Water Research, 40: 183-194.

Yang, R., Yao, T., Xu, B., Jiang, G. and Xin, X. (2007). Accumulation Features of

Organochlorine Pesticides and Heavy Metals in Fish from High Mountain Lakes and Lhasa

River in the Tibetan Plateau. Environment International, 33: 151-156.

Poolpak, T., Pokethitiyook, P., Kruatrachue, M., Arjarasirikoon, U. and Thanwaniwat, N.

(2008). Residue Analysis of Organochlorine Pesticides in the Mae Klong River of Central

Thailand. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 156: 230-239.

Williams, A.B., Ayejuyo, O.O. and Unyimadu, J.P. (2013). Distribution of Chlorinated

Pesticides in Shellfishes from Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. Journal of Marine Biology &

Oceanography, 2 (1): DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2324-8661.1000106.

Toft, G., Edwards, T.M., Baatrup, E. and Guillette Jr, L.J. (2003). Disturbed Sexual

Characteristics in Male Mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) from a Lake Contaminated

with Endocrine Disruptors. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111: 695-701.

International Agency for Research on Cancer (2001). World Health Organisation, 79: 493.

Ajo, E.A. (1990). The Influnce of Domestic and Industrial Effluents on Populations of

Sessile and Benthic Organisms in Lagos lagoon. Ph D. thesis, University of Ibadan,

Ibadan, Nigeria 413 pp.

Busacker, G.P., Adelman, I.R. and Goolish, E.M. (1990). Growth. In: Methods for Fish

Biology (Schreck CB, Moyle PB, eds). American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland,

USA, pp 363-387.

US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (2002). Method 3570 Revision C

Washington DC USA.

US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (1996). Method 3630 Revision B SW-846

Manual Washington DC USA.

Pandit, G.G., Sahu, S.K. and Sadasivan, S. (2002). Distribution of HCH and DDT in the

Coastal Marine Environment of Mumbai, India. Journal of Environmental Monitoring,

: 431.

US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (1996). Method 8081A Revision 1

Washington DC USA.

Attallah, E.R., Barakat, D.A., Maatook, G.R. and Badawy, H.A. (2012). Validation of a

quick and easy (QuEChERS) method for the determination of pesticides residue in dried

herbs. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 10 (1): 755-762.

International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) (2006).

Available at: http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/jmpr/jmpr_pesticide/en/index.html.

Voight, R.H. (2003). Concentrations of Mercury and Cadmium in some Coastal Fishes

from the Fumash and Estman Parts of the Gulf of Finland. Proceedings of the Estonian

Academy of Sciences: Biology and Ecology, 52, 305-318.

Unyimadu, J.P. and Udochu, A. (2002). Comparative Studies of Organochlorine and

PCBs in Fish from the Lagos Lagoon. River Elber Saar. Journal of Agricultural

Biotechnology: Environmental, 4 (1-2): 14.

Ize-Iyamu, O.K., Asia, I.O. and Egwakhide, P.A. (2007). Concentrations of residues from

Organochlorine Pesticide in Water and Fish from some Rivers in Edo State Nigeria.

International Journal of Physical Sciences, 2 (9): 237.

Adeyemi, D., Ukpo, G., Anyakora, C. and Unyimadu, J.P (2008). Organochlorine

Pesticide Residues in Fish Samples from Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. American Journal of

Environmental Sciences, 4 (6): 649-653.

Oostdan, J.V., Gilman, A. and Dewailly, E. (1999). Human Health Implication of

Environmental Contaminants in Arctic Canada: A Review. Science of the Total

Environment, 230: 1.

FAO (2000). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. FAO, Rome, Italy.

FAO/WHO (2005). Residues in Food. Report of Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards

Programme. Rome, Italy. Vol. 2B, 61-81.

US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) (2006), 2.

Available at: http://www.epa.gov/ost/fishadvice/volum2/index.httml.

Liu, Z., Zhang, H., Tao, M., Yang, S., Wang, L., Liu, Y., Ma, D. and He, Z. (2010).

Organochlorine Pesticides in Consumer Fish and Mollusks of Liaoning Province, China:Distribution and Human Exposure Implication. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 59 (3): 444-453.

Yang, N., Matsuda, M., Kawano, M. and Wakimito, T. (2006). PCBs and

Organochlorine Pesticides (OCPs) in Edible Fish and Shellfish from China.

Chemosphere, 63 (8): 1342.

Muralidharan, S., Dhananjayan, V. and Jayanthi, P. (2008). Organochlorine Pesticide in

Commercial Marine Fishes of Coimbatore, India and their Suitability for Human

Consumption. Environmental Research, 109 (1): 15.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.