Cultural Plurality, National Integration and the Security Dilemma in Nigeria

Sheriff F. Folarin, Ilemobola Peter Olanrewaju, Lady Yartey Ajayi

Abstract


The cultural plurality of the Nigerian State has been a major factor in the make-up of the policy environment as well as policy frameworks of national leadership from independence. Cultural pluralism could be a uniting or divisive factor, and for Nigeria, it has been more instrumental in the challenge of nationhood, culminating in a Civil War, agitations for state creation, sovereign national conference, rotational presidency, and zoning, and in more recent times, ethnic and religious insurgency as well as terrorist violence. National integration thus becomes far-fetched as it yet remains a quest by successive administrations and non-state actors who are stakeholders in the Nigerian project. But has the context of the external influences and concerns such as migrants, foreign visitors unaccounted for and unwanted aliens as well as their activities in the challenge of nationhood been well addressed? This paper examines the historical and contemporary issues of cultural plurality (often referred to as multiculturalism, although a little different) in the challenge of national unity, with particular attention to the security dilemma for Nigeria in the 21st century, paying attention to the growing influence of the unchecked aliens in the swelling question and graver dangers of insecurity posed by unconcerned and unpatriotic aliens who flock into the nation through the porous borders. A descriptive-analytical approach is applied, while the data are basically collected from texts and academic journals. The paper submits that the Nigerian State requires an overhaul of its security machines within and around its borders, while also taking a second and deeper look at its immigration system.

Keywords: Cultural Diversity, Multiculturalism, National Integration, National Insecurity



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References


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