Nigeria’s Foreign Relations under Olusegun Obasanjo’s Civilian Administration

Olorunyomi Robert Bankole


Foreign policy is essentially about the projection, protection, realization and advancement of the national interest of a state. But has that been the case with Nigeria? This paper examines Nigeria’s foreign policy under Olusegun Obsanjo’s administration (1999-2007). It focuses on the strength of Nigeria’s foreign policy and what the country was able to gain in the period under review. Primary and secondary data, scooped from interviews, books, journals, newspapers, magazines, and internet materials were used. Descriptive-analytical method was engaged in the discourse. Findings show that the administration of Obasanjo used Nigeria’s external relations as a platform to cancel Nigeria’s external debt, encourage foreign investment, improve the telecommunication sector, and also mediate in conflict areas in Africa. But it is also noted that there was no ideal structure for foreign policy making and implementation. Therefore, it is recommended that for Nigeria to be able to use foreign policy for her benefit, the structures and institutions responsible for foreign policy making and implementation must be strengthened and fertilized to grow, which is largely made possible when structures and institutions are manned by skilled or knowledgeable personnel.

 Keywords: Foreign Policy, Administration, National Interest, Development

Full Text:



Adebajo, A. (2008). Hegemony on a shoestring: Nigeria’s post-cold war foreign policy. In Adebajo A. & Mustapha A. R. Gulliver’s Troubles, Nigeria’s foreign policy after the Cold War. Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press. Pp 1-37.

Adebajo A. & Mustapha A. R. (2008). Gulliver’s Troubles, Nigeria’s foreign policy after the Cold War. Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.

Adeniran, T. (1983). Introduction to international relations. Ibadan. Macmillan.

Adeyemo, F. O. (2002). Dynamics of Nigeria’s foreign policy 1993-1998. Festac Town, Lagos. Franc-Soba-Nigeria Limited.

Akande D. (2001). Assessing two years of Obsanjo’s Administration. The Guardian (June 10)

Akindele RA, (2003). Foreign policy in federal politics. A case study Nigeria. Lagos: World Press.

Akinterinwa, B. A. (2012). “Overview of Nigeria’s foreign policy, 1960-2010: challenges and recommendations”. In Anyaoku E. Review of Nigeria’s foreign policy: issues and perspectives. Victoria Island. Nigerian Institute of International Affairs. Pp 15-34.

Alao, A. (2011). Nigeria and the global powers: continuity and change in policy and perceptions. South African Institute of International Affairs: African perspectives. Global insights. Occassional paper no 96.

Amstutz, M. R. (1999). International conflict cooperation: An introduction to world politics. Boston Burr Ridge: McGraw-Hill College.

Chibundu, V. N. (2009). Foreign policy: with particular reference to Nigeria (1961-2008). Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited.

Fawole, W.A. (2004). Understanding Nigeria’s Foreign Policy under Civilian Rule Since 1999: Institution, Structure, Processes and Performance. Ibadan: College Press.

Fawole, W. A. (2003). Nigeria’s external relations and foreign policy under military rule (1966-1999). Ile-Ife: University Press.

Folarin, S.F. (2014). Visibility and relevance in international politics: National role conceptions and Nigeria’s foreign policy in Africa. Lagos: Media Expression International.

Idang, G. J. (1977). Nigeria internal politics and foreign policy (1960-1966). Ibadan, Ibadan University Press.

King, M. C. (1996). Basic currents of Nigerian foreign policy. Washington. Howard University Press.

Lamido, S. (2001). Plying the foreign policy pitch. Published by the Office of the Honourable Minister of Foreign Affairs, Abuja-Nigeria.

Obasanjo, O. (2014). Consular: Welfare of Nigerians. Retrieved on 3rd June, 2014.

Obasanjo, O. (2014). Political achievements. Retrieved on 3rd June, 2014.

Obasanjo, O. (2014). Regional integration. Retrieved on 3rd June, 2014.

Obasanjo, O. (2014). Resuscitation of the Nigerian Economy: Foreign Policy Dimension. Retrieved on 3rd June, 2014.

Obasanjo, O. (2014). An interview with President Olusegun Obasanjo at his Hill-Top residence, Abeokuta. 7th May, 2014.

Ofose, G (2014).‘Nigeria image reached all-time low during Abacha’s regime’. Daily Independence

Saliu H. A. (2005). Nigeria under democratic rule (1999 – 2003). Ibadan: University Press.

Saliu H. A. (2006). Essays on contemporary Nigerian foreign policy. Ibadan: Vantage Publisher Ltd.

Shiita O. E. (2010). Nigeria’s foreign policy. Assessed on 22-11-2013


  • There are currently no refbacks.